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Nicolas Flamel from a 1971 facsimile of Bibliotheca Chemica, 1727

Nicolas Flamel (ca. 1330-1417) was a French scribe best known for his work in alchemy, the transmutation of common metals into gold. Flamel was rumored to have created the mythological Philosopher's Stone, believed to be able to turn all metals into gold and produce an elixir granting eternal life.

Courtesy National Library of Medicine

Portrait of an old man with a long beard and a cap.