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Benjamin Rush, MD, ca. 1840
Benjamin Rush (1746–1813), a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was a physician, politician, and well-known professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. As a physician he was an early advocate of preventive medicine, and established the first free pharmacy in the United States. He was also a pioneer in the study and treatment of mental illness.
Courtesy National Library of Medicine
Creator:Thomas Sully, painter, Richard Dodsen, engraver